Basketball basics

Basketball Basics – Ultimate Guide 2023

Basketball Basics: Basketball is a game that is played by two teams. Both teams consist of the same number of players. Each player has a different position with the same goal of passing the ball through the hoop. A team tries to pass the ball through the hoop to get a score.

Basketball has a few laws and regulations that must be complied with. We will cover basic to advanced level information in this post below.

Read also: Triple Threat Position

Basics of Basketball Game:

Basics of basketball contains necessary information required while playing the game. It includes rules of basketball, points, fouls and violation of games and more.

Game Rules

The basketball game rules are straightforward; there are no typical rules in the regulation chart. such as

  • Basketball is not an individual game; it is purely a team game. Individuals can practice separately, but the basketball match is played as a team.
  • Each team consists of five players. Each player aims to pass the ball through the hoop mounted ten feet above the court surface.
  • A rectangular basketball court has a hoop on each side of the court.
  • A basketball game starts with a heavy jump at the mid-court bar.
  • The offensive team begins by tossing the ball behind the mid-court bar. They’ve got 10 seconds to get the ball over the mid-court bar. If they cannot do so, the defence takes the ball.
  • If the offensive team succeeds in getting the ball over the mid-court bar, they will lose possession of the ball behind it. If it ever does, the ball is given to the defence.

These are the basic rules of the basketball game. It is enough to understand the game rules.

The team that tries to pass the basketball through the hoop is known as the offensive team. At the same time, the other team is referred to as the defence.

The defence attempts to intercept the ball, block shots, divert passes, and grab rebounds.


  • The most common scoring line in basketball games is two-point baskets. It happens when players pass the ball through the hoop. The ball is given to the other team.
  • The NBA introduced three-point shooting in 1980. If a player makes a shot just beyond the three-point arc, they receive three points.
  • Free throws score one point. One point is given to each team based on the basketball rules, such as the number of fouls attempted in half or the kind of foul attempted.
  • Foul shooters are awarded two to three free throws after ensuring where they were standing while shooting. The shooter was awarded three shots if they were outside the three-point line.

The Court

The place where basketball is played is known as the “basketball court.” A boundary surrounds basketball. The referee stops the match if a player touches the borderline while holding the basketball. It is known as “out of bounds.”

The dimensions of the court do not remain the same for all matches. It varies based on the tournaments. The court is 74 feet long and 42 feet wide in high schools and gyms. The NBA measures a longer and wider court than the previous one. It measures 94 feet long and 50 feet wide and is used for NBA tournaments.

There are many other important arcs on the court, such as:

  • Midcourt Line: The midcourt line divides the court into two equal parts. One of the most effective mid-court line regulations is that once the offensive team crosses the mid-court line while holding the basketball, the player cannot cross the mid-court line again until the defensive team touches the basketball.
  • Free Throw Line: Free throw lines are marked fifteen feet away from both sides’ backboards. Free throws are played from this line. When free throws are made, the opponent is not permitted to defend.
  • Three Point Line: Three-point lines are drawn in both halves of the court. A shot from the other side of the three-point line is worth three points. The shots that are made inside the three-point line score two points.

Game Clock

Each game is separated into parts. Every game has two sections.

In college games, every period is 20 minutes long.

At the college level, each half is divided into other parts known as quarters. This gap is shorter than the half part.

If the match is tied at the end of the time, then extra time is granted to the teams until one wins.

Players’ Position

1. Point Guard

The squad is generally led by the point guard. They are the team’s youngest members, yet they are exceptional ball handlers and passers and drive the ball very quickly and are good at dribbling. They create shots for themselves as well as their teammates.

2. Shooting Guard

Shooting guard is one of the toughest positions on the basketball court. A shooting guard is known as a sharpshooter as well. They must be skilled at dribbling and making passes to team guards.

3. Small Forward

A player positioned at a small forward has several skills. They play both inside and outside of the three-point line. They play against short and long players.

4. Power Forward

The power forward position is just like the centre position. They have similar tendencies, but power forwards can shoot the ball from outside the line.

5. Center

The tallest player on the squad plays at the centre position on the court. With the centre position, they block the opponent’s team as a defence and make shots near the hoop as an offence.


Basketball basics include term fouls which is attempted while playing basketball game. There are various ways for a team to gain the ball without stealing it from an opponent. One example is if the opposing team commits a foul or a penalty.

There are several kinds of fouls attempted by a team member.

Personal Fouls

A personal foul occurs when a defensive player touches the offensive player’s body to steal the ball. Defenders may only defend by moving parallel to the offensive player or distracting him without touching his body. The defender has to stop the offensive player from progressing toward the goal. He can only touch the basketball, not the offensive player’s body. It will be considered a foul if he makes contact with the offensive player’s body.

Shooting Fouls

A shooting foul occurs when an offensive player attempts to shoot the ball while a defensive player touches the offensive player’s body. In this case, the player is granted two free throws if he attempts a two-pointer and three free throws if he attempts a three-pointer.

Flagrant Fouls

A flagrant foul occurs when an offensive player attempts to shoot the ball into the goal. In contrast, a defensive player pushes the offensive player’s body hard, or the defender hits the offensive player with his elbow. There are Flagrant-1 and Flagrant-2 foul. In both situations opposing team gets two free throws and possession. Possession means the offensive team will start the game after attempting the two free shots.

Technical Fouls

Basketball is one of the most well-known sports in the world. Every single player wishes to win. To win, players try something other than touching the opposite player, which is against sportsmanship. After the first technical foul, the opposing team is awarded free throws and possession. If the referee finds two technical fouls by the same team, they will be ejected.

Violations – Basketball Basics

  • Walking: Traveling is taking more than two steps without dribbling the basketball. “Traveling” is when you move your pivot foot after dribbling.
  • Carrying: This is called “carrying” when players dribble the basketball with their hands too far to the side or beneath the ball. This is also known as palming.
  • Double Dribble: Basketball players dribble from one place to another. When he stops dribbling, he must shoot or transfer the ball to another player rather than dribbling again. It is a double-dribbling foul if he does.
  • Held ball: At times, two or more opposing players will seize control of the ball at the same moment. To avoid an extended and violent conflict, the referee calls a halt to the activity and alternately delivers the ball to one team or the other.
  • Goaltending: A goaltending violation in basketball occurs when a player interferes with a shot by touching the ball on its descent to the basket or when it is over, on, or within the hoop’s rim.
  • Backcourt violation: Once the offensive player has crossed the mid-court line, they are not allowed to cross it again during possession. If they do, the ball is turned over to the opposing team to pass inbounds.
  • Time restrictions: A player passing the ball inbounds has five seconds to do so. If he does not, the ball is given to the opposing team. Other time constraints include the rule that a player cannot have the ball for more than five seconds when tightly defended and, in some states and levels, shot-clock limits that require a team to attempt a shot within a specific time window.


How old is the game of basketball?

The basketball game was introduced by a Canadian-American teacher and physician, James Naismith, in 1950. He presented the official rule book of basketball, which contains 13 rules. Indoor basketball games were popular in the beginning.

How do you win in basketball?

Winning basketball games is so easy. It is time restricted game. The team with the highest scores is marked as the winner within the specified time.

How long does a basketball game last?

Basketball games are typically 48 minutes long. One game is divided into four parts. Each part lasts 12 minutes. The game clock does not remain active throughout the game. Officials must stop the game clock for halftime, foul time, and time out.

How many points are gained in a basketball game?

A basketball game allows you to score one to four points. Scores are assigned depending on several terms and circumstances. Players are required to meet the requirements to receive the highest possible score.

Can you score 5 points in basketball?

Five points can be scored in a single basketball possession. A player can get five points if they are fouled while shooting a three-pointer and hit the shot. This is the only way to get five points in a row.

What is a 2 in basketball?

Every game has some name or term. In basketball, “2” means a shooting guard. The shooting guard’s name defines the responsibility for making long shots like three-pointers. Shots. He is a good passer and facilitates the point guard in ball handling.

What does “C” mean in basketball?

C means centre, where the tallest player among the team members is assigned to serve the team.

What is the shot clock?

The basketball clock’s second name is a shot clock. A shot clock tracks each step of the basketball game, like ball holding time, duration, break time, and time out. The shot clock resumes after passing the ball through the hoop.

What’s the difference between a personal foul and a team foul in basketball?

A personal foul is one that an individual commits, whereas the whole team commits a team foul.

Conclusion – Basketball Basics

A basketball game has several rules and regulations. If someone goes against the rules, he has to face the penalties. This article explains some basics regarding basketball. It is enough for someone to start a basketball game.

John Doe